Wood's characteristics —> TECHNICAL SHEET

Noyer noir

Commercial Name: American Black Walnut
Latin name: Junglas Nigra

Origin: USA, Canada

Average weight (kiln dry): 660 kg/m³
Sapwood color: light brown to brown
Heartwood color: chocolat brown to dark brown

Black walnut wood is prized by woodworkers for its strength, grain and color. It is used for the manufacture of gunstocks, coffins and furniture. Its nuts were once consumed by Indians and are today harvested only locally. Recent reforestation specie.

In the workshop, Black Walnut is relatively easy to work with and has excellent machining characteristics. It polishes to a very smooth finish. Sapwood is large, making it a wood with a considerable loss. Available in many thicknesses, Black Walnut must be kilndried and should never be used for exterior purpose.


Cerisier

Commercial Name: American Black Cherry
Latin name: Prunus serotina Ehrh.

Origin: USA, Canada

Average weight (kiln dry): 600 kg/m³
Sapwood color: white
Heartwood color: pink to red

Cherry is renowned in furniture and cabinetmaking in general. It start out a light pink and darkens over time and develops a rich reddish-brown patina. The fruit is used to flavor kirsch and rum. Naturalized in Europe.

Cherry is one of the favorite wood of cabinetmakers for workshop work. The sapwood is thin and the wide planks are frequent. It is considered as semi-hard hardwood. The grain is usually easy to work, except for pieces with curly grain. Its price is relatively high although less expensive than most exotic woods.


Frêne

Commercial Name: American White Ash
Latin name: Fraxinus americana

Origin: USA, Canada

Average weight (kiln dry): 670 kg/m³
Sapwood color: white
Heartwood color: light brown

Widely used in tool handle, hockey stick and baseball bat manufacture. The future of Ash as a valuable wood is threatened because of the emerald ash borer, an insect from Asia that can destroy an ash tree in just a few years. Like the American elm, it could be threatened if we can not contain this little creature.

In the workshop, ash is a wood that produces good results with hand or machine tools. You will need powerful machines and sharp blades. Ash responds very well to steam bending. Ideal as a flooring, molding and architectural components, it is also possible to use it in furniture making.


Wenge (wengé)

Commercial Name: Wenge
Latin name: Millettia laurentii

Origin: Africa

Average weight (kiln dry): 880 kg/m³
Sapwood color: creamy white
Heartwood color: dark brown to black

Wenge is dark enough to be used as a substitute for ebony. It is largely used in floor manufacturing and cabinet making. Wenge wood dust has been reported to cause irritation of the skin and eyes. Prices are high as most of exotic wood, Wenge must be imported from Africa.

Wenge is harder than maple. Surprisingly, it works very well on machines. It can quickly dull tools and sharpness of blades. The grain and color vary a lot depending on how it was cut at the sawmill.


Bubinga

Commercial Name: Bubinga
Latin name: Guibourtia demeusei

Origin: Equatorial Africa

Average weight (kiln dry): 890 kg/m³
Sapwood color: white
Heartwood color: red

Nom commercial: Bubinga
Nom latin: Guibourtia demeusei


Érable

Érable piqué

Commercial Name: Hard Maple
Latin name: Acer saccharum

Origin: Canada, USA

Average weight (kiln dry): 740 kg/m³
Sapwood color: light to dark brown
Heartwood color: white

Hard maple is well known to Quebecers for its sweet sap harvested at spring. Its use varies widely, from veneer, solid wood furniture, moldings, stairs and floors. Very hard and heavy, the maple is ideal for furniture that must support a load. Two natural variations of maple; birdseye and curly maple which are very popular with woodworkers. In the workshop, it is considered difficult to work because of its hardness and its very closed grain.